Leviticus 18 – Forbidden Sexual Relations  

The Lord (to Moses): Tell the children of Israel: 

I am the Lord your God.

You shall not do as the people of the land of Egypt, in which you dwelt, or walk in their ordinances.

You shall not do as the people of the land of Canaan, where I bring you.

Do my judgments and keep my ordinances to walk in them.

I am the Lord your God. You shall keep my statutes and my judgments. If a man does, he shall live in them. I am the Lord.

You shall not have sexual relations with:

• Any that is near of kin to him

• Your father

• Your mother

• Your step-mother

• Your sister

• Your half-sister, whether she is born at home or born abroad

• Your granddaughter, for their nakedness is your own

• Your step-sister

• Your aunt, father’s or mother’s sister

• Your uncle’s wife

• Your daughter in law

• Your brother’s wife

• Any woman and her daughter or granddaughter

• Any woman and her granddaughter, for she is her near kinswomen: it is wickedness.

• A woman who is separated due to her uncleanness (period)

• Your neighbor’s wife

• Do not marry wife’s sister in the wife’s lifetime.

You shall not let your child pass through the fire to Molech, the Canaanite god to which children were sacrificed.

You shall not profane the name of God: I am the Lord.

A man shalt not lie with mankind as with womankind. It is abomination. (homosexuality)

You shall not lie with any beast s: neither shall any woman stand before a beast to lie down with it. It is confusion. (bestiality)

Do not defile yourselves in any of these things.

The nations, which I cast out before you, have defiled themselves in all these. The men of the land have done all these abominations. And the land is defiled. Therefore, I visit the iniquity on it and the land itself vomits out her inhabitants.

You shall keep my statutes and my judgments. You shall not commit any of these abominations, neither any of your own nation nor any stranger that lives among you, that the land does not spew you out also, when you defile it.

Anyone who commits any of these abominations shall be cut off from among their people.
Therefore you: 

• Shall keep my ordinance

• Shall not commit any one of these abominable customs, which were committed in the land before you

• Shall not defile yourselves in this land

I am the Lord your God.

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Leviticus 17 – Do Not Eat Blood

The Lord (to Moses): Tell Aaron, his sons, and the children of Israel.  

All your sacrifices must be brought

• to the door of the tabernacle of the congregation

• to the Lord

• to the priest

The priest shall sprinkle the blood on the altar of the Lord at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation and burn the fat for a sweet savor to the Lord.

The men of the house of Israel shall not offer their sacrifices to devils, after whom they have gone a whoring.

This shall be a statute forever to them throughout their generations.

Any man of the house of Israel, or of the strangers who live among you, that offers a burnt offering or sacrifice and does not bring it to the door of the tabernacle of the congregation to offer it to the Lord; that man shall be cut off from among his people.

Any man of the house of Israel, or of the strangers that live among you, that eats any manner of blood;

• I will set my face against that soul that eats blood, and

• I will cut him off from among his people,

Because the life of the flesh is in the blood: and
because it is the blood that makes an atonement for the soul.  

Therefore, no soul among you shall eat blood, whether he be of the house of Israel of a stanger who lives among you
.

The man who hunts and catches any beast or fowl that may be eaten; he shall pour out the blood, and cover the blood with dust. For the blood is the life of all flesh; the blood of it is for the life of it:

Therefore, you shall not eat the blood of flesh: for the life of all flesh is the blood of it:

And every soul that eats an animal that died of itself, or that which was torn with beasts, he shall both wash his clothes, and bathe himself in water, and be unclean until the evening: then shall he be clean.

But if he does not wash his clothes, nor bathe his flesh; then he shall bear his iniquity.

Scapegoat

Leviticus 16: The scapegoat is just one part of the ceremony on the Day of Atonement when the priest goes into the holy of holies to make an atonement for the children of Israel for all their sins once a year.

Aaron shall take of the congregation of the children of Israel two kids of the goats for a sin offering. (vs 5)

Aaron shall take the two goats and present them before the Lord at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation. He shall cast lots for the two goats; one lot for the Lord and the other lot for the scapegoat.

He shall bring the goat on which the Lord’s lot fell and offer him for a sin offering. But the goat, on which the lot fell to be the scapegoat, shall be presented alive before the Lord, to make an atonement with him, and to let him go for a scapegoat into the wilderness. (vs 8-10)

Aaron shall kill the goat of the sin offering, that is for the people, and bring his blood within the veil… and sprinkle it on the mercy seat and before the mercy seat:

He shall make an atonement for the transgressions of the children of Israel …

When Aaron goes in to make an atonement in the holy place, no man shall be in the tabernacle of the congregation, until he comes out.

He shall go out to the altar that is before the Lord… And he shall sprinkle of the blood of the goat (and a bullock) with his finger seven times, and cleanse it, and hallow it from the uncleanness of the children of Israel.

When he has finished reconciling the holy place, the tabernacle of the congregation and the altar, he shall bring the live goat and shall lay both his hands on the head of the live goat, and confess over him all the iniquities of the children of Israel, and all their transgressions in all their sins, putting them on the head of the goat, and shall send the scapegoat away by the hand of a fit man into the wilderness. The man shall let the goat go in the wilderness, and the goat shall carry all their iniquities to a land not inhabited. (vs 15-22)

He that let the goat go for the scapegoat shall wash his clothes and bathe his flesh in water, and afterwards he shall come into the camp.

The goat killed for the sin offering shall be carried outside the camp and the skin, and the flesh, and the dung shall be burned in the fire. And he that burns them shall wash his clothes, and bathe his flesh in water, and afterward he shall come into the camp. (vs 26-28)

Leviticus 16 – Day of Atonement 

Once a year on the day of atonement, the priest goes into the holy of holies and makes an atonement of the sins of the people of Israel. Releasing the scapegoat is part of this ceremony.

In Luke 1, Zacharias was in the holy of holies on the Day of Atonement when an angel appeared to him. The angel told him that his barren wife Elisabeth would conceive a child. This child would be John the Baptist. Read Luke 1 to find out what the angel did to punish Zacharias because he did not believe his words.

Leviticus 16 – Day of Atonement

When: After the death of the two sons of Aaron, when they offered strange fire before the Lord and died. (Leviticus 10)

The Lord (to Moses): Speak to Aaron your brother, that he is not to come all the time into the holy place within the veil before the mercy seat, which is on the ark; so that he does not die: for I will appear in the cloud on the mercy seat.

Aaron shall come into the holy place in this way:

• He shall wash his flesh in water

• He shall put on the holy garments (listed in vs 4)

• He shall offer a bullock for the sin offering for himself, and make an atonement for himself and for his house

• He shall take a young bullock for a sin offering

• He shall take a ram for a burnt offering.

• He shall take of the congregation of the children of Israel two kids of the goats for a sin offering, and one ram for a burnt offering.

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Aaron shall bring the bullock of the sin offering, which is for himself, and shall make an atonement for himself and for his house, and he shall kill it.

He shall take a censer full of burning coals of fire from off the altar before the Lord, and fill his hands with sweet incense beaten small, and bring it within the veil.

He shall put the incense on the fire before the Lord, that the cloud of the incense may cover the mercy seat that is on the testimony, that he does not die.

He shall take of the blood of the bullock, and sprinkle it with his finger on the mercy seat eastward; and he shall sprinkle it with his finger seven times before the mercy seat.

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The Scapegoat


Aaron shall take the two goats and present them before the Lord at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation. He shall cast lots for the two goats; one lot for the Lord and the other lot for the scapegoat.

Aaron shall bring the goat on which the Lord’s lot fell and offer him for a sin offering.

But the goat, on which the lot fell to be the scapegoat, shall be presented alive before the Lord, to make an atonement with him, and to let him go for a scapegoat into the wilderness.

Aaron shall kill the goat of the sin offering, that is for the people, and bring his blood within the veil, and do with that blood as he did with the blood of the bullock, and sprinkle it on the mercy seat, and before the mercy seat.

He shall make an atonement for the holy place, because of the uncleanness and transgressions of the children of Israel, and for the tabernacle of the congregation, that remains among them in the middle of their uncleanness.

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When Aaron goes in to make an atonement in the holy place, no man shall be in the tabernacle of the congregation, until he comes out, having made an atonement for himself, and for his household, and for all the congregation of Israel.

He shall go out to the altar that is before the Lord, and make an atonement for it; and shall take of the blood of the bullock, and of the blood of the goat, and put it on the horns of the altar. And he shall sprinkle of the blood on it with his finger seven times, and cleanse it, and hallow it from the uncleanness of the children of Israel.

When he has finished reconciling the holy place, the tabernacle of the congregation and the altar, he shall bring the live goat: And Aaron shall lay both his hands on the head of the live goat, and confess over him all the iniquities of the children of Israel, and all their transgressions in all their sins, putting them on the head of the goat, and shall send him away by the hand of a fit man into the wilderness: And the man shall let the goat go in the wilderness, and the goat shall carry all their iniquities to a land not inhabited:

And Aaron shall come into the tabernacle of the congregation, take off the holy linen garments and leave them there: He shall wash his flesh with water in the holy place, and put on his garments, and come forth, and offer his burnt offering, and the burnt offering of the people, and make an atonement for himself and for the people.

And he shall burn the fat of the sin offering on the altar. And he that let go the goat for the scapegoat shall wash his clothes, and bathe his flesh in water, and afterward come into the camp.

And the bullock for the sin offering, and the goat for the sin offering, whose blood was brought in to make atonement in the holy place, shall be carried outside the camp. Their skins, and their flesh, and their dung shall burned in the fire. And he that burns them shall wash his clothes, and bathe his flesh in water, and afterward he shall come into the camp.

This shall be a statute for ever to you:

• On the tenth day of the seventh month, the priest shall make an atonement for you to cleanse you.

• It shall be a sabbath of rest for you; you shall do no work at all, whether it is one of your own country, or a stranger that lives among you.

• You shall be clean from all your sins before the Lord.

The priest, whom he shall anoint, and whom he shall consecrate to minister in the priest’s office in his father’s stead, shall make the atonement, and shall put on the holy linen garments: And he shall make an atonement for the holy sanctuary, and for the tabernacle of the congregation, and for the altar, and for the priests, and for all the people of the congregation.

This shall be an everlasting statute to you, to make an atonement for the children of Israel for all their sins once a year.

And Aaron did as the Lord commanded Moses.

Leviticus 15 – Bodily Discharges

Gives us a better understanding of an Old Testament event and a New Testament event. 

In Genesis 31:27-35, we understand how Rachel prevented her father Laban from discovering the idols she had stolen from him.

And we get an understanding of what life was like for the woman with the issue of blood, who was healed when she touched the hem of Jesus’ garment. And we find out what she would have needed to do after she was healed of her issue. (Matthew 9:20-22, Mark 5:25-34 and Luke 8:42b-48)

(Summarized)

The Lord (to Moses and to Aaron): Speak to the children of Israel, and tell them:

When any man has an issue (discharge) out of his flesh, whether his body runs with his issue or his body is stopped up by his issue, he is unclean because of his issue.

• Every bed on which he lies is unclean

• Everything on which he sits shall be unclean.

• Whoever touches his bed shall wash his clothes, and bathe himself in water, and be unclean until the evening.

• Whoever sits on anything on which he sat shall wash his clothes, and bathe himself in water, and be unclean until the evening.

• He that touches his body shall wash his clothes, and bathe himself in water, and be unclean until the evening.

• If he spits on anyone; then that person shall wash his clothes, and bathe himself in water, and be unclean until the evening.

• The saddle he rides on shall be unclean.

• Whoever touches anything that was under him shall be unclean until the evening:

• He that carries any of those things shall wash his clothes, and bathe himself in water, and be unclean until the evening.

• Whomever he touches and has not rinsed his hands in water, he shall wash his clothes, and bathe himself in water, and be unclean until the evening.

• The earthen vessel that he touches shall be broken.

• Every vessel of wood shall be rinsed in water.

When he that has an issue is cleansed of his issue:

• He shall number seven days for his cleansing, and wash his clothes, and bathe his flesh in running water, and shall be clean.

• On the eighth day, he shall take two turtledoves, or two young pigeons, and come before the Lord to the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and give them to the priest.

The priest shall offer them, the one for a sin offering, and the other for a burnt offering.

The priest shall make an atonement for him before the Lord for his issue.

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If any man’s seed of copulation (semen) goes out from his body:

• He shall wash all his flesh in water, and be unclean until the evening.

• Every garment, and every pelt, on which is the seed of copulation, shall be washed with water, and be unclean until the evening.

• The woman with whom the man shall lie with seed of copulation, they shall both bathe themselves in water, and be unclean until the evening.

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If a woman has an issue, and her issue in her body is blood:

• She shall be put apart seven days: and whoever touches her shall be unclean until the evening.

• Everything that she lies on in her separation shall be unclean.

• Everything that she sits on shall be unclean.

• Whoever touches her bed shall wash his clothes, and bathe himself in water, and be unclean until the evening.

• Whoever touches anything that she sat on shall wash his clothes, and bathe himself in water, and be unclean until the evening.

• If her blood is on her bed, or on anything on which she sits, when he touches it, he shall be unclean until the evening.

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In Genesis 31 Laban was searching Jacob’s camp for the idols that were stolen from him. Jacob had said the person who took the idols would die. Jacob did not know that Rachel had taken the idols. Rachel had hidden the idols in the camel’s saddle and sat on it. Laban entered Rachel’s tent. Rachel said to her father Laban, “Do not be angry that I do not stand in your presence, for the way of women is upon me.” Rachel was saying that she was on her period.

According to Leviticus 15, Rachel was saying that she was unclean, that the camel’s saddle was unclean and that if Laban searched the camel’s saddle, he would have had to wash his clothes, and bathe himself in water, and be unclean until the evening. Since Laban did not want to become unclean, he did not search the camel’s saddle and he did not discover that Rachel had stolen his idols.

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If any man lies at all with a woman with an issue, and her issue is on him:

• He shall be unclean seven days; and

• All the bed on which he lies shall be unclean.

If a woman has an issue of her blood many days out of the time of her separation, or if it run beyond the time of her separation; all the days of the issue of her uncleanness shall be as the days of her separation: she shall be unclean.

• Every bed on which she lies all the days of her issue shall be to her as the bed of her separation

• whatever she sits on shall be unclean, as the uncleanness of her separation

• whoever touches those things shall be unclean, and shall wash his clothes, and bathe himself in water, and be unclean until the evening.

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The woman in the gospel story had an issue of blood for twelve years before she was healed when she touched the hem of Jesus’ garment. She had “suffered many things of many doctors and spent all that she had and was none better but grew worse.” The life she lived was that of an untouchable. She was unclean. Anyone who touched her was unclean. Anyone who touched what she touched was unclean. I’ve heard Bible teachers say that, like the leper, she would have to shout “unclean, unclean” everywhere she went. What did she have to do after she was healed? Continue to read in Leviticus 15.

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If she is cleansed of her issue:

She shall number seven days and after that she shall be clean.

On the eighth day, she shall take two turtles, or two young pigeons, and bring them to the priest, to the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.

The priest shall offer the one for a sin offering, and the other for a burnt offering.

The priest shall make an atonement for her before the Lord for the issue of her uncleanness.

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In this way, you shall separate the children of Israel from their uncleanness; that they do not die in their uncleanness, when they defile my tabernacle that is among them.

This is the law of:

• him that has a discharge (man or woman)

• him whose seed goes from him and is defiled with it

• her that is sick with her monthly flow

• him that lies with a woman that is unclean

Leviticus 14 – Leprosy or Clean (b)

As Jesus passed through a certain village on his way to Jerusalem, ten men that were lepers stood afar off and cried out, Jesus, Master, have mercy on us. When Jesus saw them, he said to them, Go show yourselves to the priests. And as they went, they were cleansed. One of them, when he saw that he was healed, turned back, and with a loud voice glorified God, and fell down on his face at Jesus’ feet, giving him thanks. (Luke 17:12-19)

Why did Jesus tell these men to go show themselves to the priests?


We find the answer in Leviticus 14

Leprosy or Clean

(Summarized)

This is the law for all manner of plague of leprosy, and for the leprosy of a house: To teach when it is unclean, and when it is clean: this is the law of leprosy.

The Lord (to Moses):

This shall be the law of the leper in the day of his cleansing:

He shall be brought to the priest.

The priest shall look, and if the plague of leprosy is healed in the leper, then the priest shall command to take for him that is to be cleansed two birds alive and clean, and cedar wood, and scarlet, and hyssop:

The priest shall:

• command that one of the birds be killed in an earthen vessel over running water:

• take the living bird, and the cedar wood, and the scarlet, and the hyssop, and shall dip them in the blood of the bird that was killed over the running water:

• sprinkle on him that is to be cleansed from the leprosy seven times

• pronounce him clean

• let the living bird loose into the open field

He that is to be cleansed shall:

• wash his clothes

• shave off all his hair

• wash himself in water

• come into the camp and stay outside of his tent seven days.

• on the seventh day: shave all his hair off his head and his beard and his eyebrows, even all his hair he shall shave off: and he shall wash his clothes, also he shall wash his flesh in water, and he shall be clean.

On the eighth day:

He shall take two male lambs without blemish, and one ewe lamb of the first year without blemish, and three tenth deals of fine flour for a meat offering, mingled with oil, and one log of oil.

And the priest shall present the man that is to be made clean, and those things, before the Lord, at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation:

Blood and Oil

One he lamb is offered for a trespass offering. The priest shall slay the lamb in the holy place: for the trespass offering is the priest’s: it is most holy:

The log of oil is for a wave offering before the Lord.

And the priest shall take some of the blood of the trespass offering and shall put it on him that is to be cleansed

• on the tip of the right ear

• on the thumb of his right hand

• on the great toe of his right foot

And the priest shall take some of the log of oil, and pour it into the palm of his own left hand: And the priest shall dip his right finger in the oil that is in his left hand, and shall sprinkle of the oil with his finger seven times before the Lord. And of the rest of the oil that is in his hand, the priest shall put:

• on the tip of the right ear of him that is to be cleansed

• on the thumb of his right hand

• on the great toe of his right foot

• on the blood of the trespass of

• the remnant of the oil that is in his hand on the head of him that is to be cleansed

The priest shall make an atonement for him before the Lord.  

And the priest shall offer the sin offering and afterward he shall kill the burnt offering:

And the priest shall offer the burnt offering and the meat offering on the altar:

And the priest shall make an atonement for him.

And he shall be clean.

And if he is poor, and cannot get so much;

On the eighth day, he shall bring for his cleansing to the priest, to the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, before the Lord.

• one lamb for a trespass offering to be waved, to make an atonement for him,

• one tenth deal of fine flour mingled with oil for a meat offering, and a log of oil;

• two turtledoves, or two young pigeons, and the one shall be a sin offering, and the other a burnt offering.

And the priest shall

• take the lamb of the trespass offering, and the log of oil, and wave them for a wave offering before the Lord:

• kill the lamb of the trespass offering,

• take some of the blood of the trespass offering, and put it on the tip of the right ear of him that is to be cleansed, and on the thumb of his right hand, and on the great toe of his right foot:

• pour of the oil into the palm of his own left hand: And the priest shall sprinkle with his right finger some of the oil that is in his left hand seven times before the Lord:

• put of the oil that is in his hand on the tip of the right ear of him that is to be cleansed, and on the thumb of his right hand, and on the great toe of his right foot, on the place of the blood of the trespass offering:

• put the rest of the oil that is in his hand on the head of him that is to be cleansed, to make an atonement for him before the Lord.

• offer the one of the turtledoves, or of the young pigeons, the one for a sin offering, and the other for a burnt offering, with the meat offering:

• make an atonement for him that is to be cleansed before the Lord.

This is the law of him in whom is the plague of leprosy, who is not able to get that which pertains to his cleansing.

Leprosy in a House

The Lord (to Moses and Aaron):

When you come into the land of Canaan, which I give to you for a possession, and I put the plague of leprosy in a house of the land of your possession; And he that owns the house shall come and tell the priest, saying, It seems to me there is as it were a plague in the house:

Then the priest shall:

• command that they empty the house, before he goes into it to see the plague, that all that is in the house be not made unclean:

• afterward go in to see the house:

• look on the plague, and, if the plague is in the walls of the house with hollow streaks, greenish or reddish, which in sight are lower than the wall;

• go out of the house to the door of the house

• shut up the house seven days:

On day seven, the priest shall:

• come again, and shall look to see if the plague has spread in the walls of the house;

• command that they take away the stones in which the plague is, and they shall cast them into an unclean place without the city:

• shall cause the house to be scraped within round about, and they shall pour out the dust that they scrape off outside the city into an unclean place: And they shall take other stones, and put them in the place of those stones; and he shall take other mortar, and shall plaster the house.

Unclean: And if the plague come again, and break out in the house, after that he has taken away the stones, and after he has scraped the house, and after it is plastered. Then the priest shall come and look, and, if the plague has spread in the house, it is a fretting leprosy in the house: it is unclean.

And he shall break down the house, the stones of it, and the timber of it, and all the mortar of the house; and he shall carry them forth out of the city into an unclean place.

Also, he that goes into the house all the while that it is shut up shall be unclean until the evening. And he that lies in the house shall wash his clothes; and he that eats in the house shall wash his clothes.

Clean: And if the priest shall come in, and look on it, and the plague has not spread in the house, after the house was plastered: then the priest shall:

• pronounce the house clean, because the plague is healed.

• take to cleanse the house two birds, and cedar wood, and scarlet, and hyssop:

• kill the one of the birds in an earthen vessel over running water:

• take the cedar wood, and the hyssop, and the scarlet, and the living bird, and dip them in the blood of the slain bird, and in the running water, and sprinkle the house seven times:

• cleanse the house with the blood of the bird, and with the running water, and with the living bird, and with the cedar wood, and with the hyssop, and with the scarlet:

• let go the living bird out of the city into the open fields, and make an atonement for the house: and it shall be clean.

This is the law for all manner of plague of leprosy, and scall, and for the leprosy of a garment, and of a house, and for a rising, and for a scab, and for a bright spot: To teach when it is unclean, and when it is clean: this is the law of leprosy.
(Leviticus 13-14)

Leviticus 13 – Leprosy or Clean (a)

When a man has a rising, a scab, or bright spot, and it is in the skin like the plague of leprosy; then he shall be brought to Aaron the priest, or to one of his sons the priests. They will determine if this person has leprosy or if he is clean. 
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Leprosy – When the hair in the plague is turned white, and the plague is deeper than the skin of his flesh.

Clean – If the bright spot is white in the skin and not deeper than the skin, and the hair of it has not turned white; then the priest shall shut him up for seven days:

 Day 7 – If the plague has not spread; then the priest shall shut him up seven days more:

Day 14 – If the plague is somewhat dark, and has not spread not, it is but a scab. He shall wash his clothes and be clean.

Leprosy – If the scab has spread in the skin on Day 7 or Day 14

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Leprosy – the rising is white in the skin, and it has turned the hair white, and there is quick raw flesh in the rising;

Clean – If a leprosy spreads in the skin and covers all the skin of him that has the plague from his head even to his foot, but it is all turned white.

Leprosy – when raw flesh appears in him

Clean – if the raw flesh turns again and is changed to white

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Leprosy – The flesh, in which there was a boil, and is healed, And in the place of the boil there is a white rising, or a bright spot, white, and somewhat reddish, if it is lower than the skin around it, and the hair has turned white.

If there are no white hairs in the boil, and if it be not lower than the skin, but is somewhat dark; then the priest shall shut him up seven days:

Leprosy – Day 7: It spreads much abroad in the skin,

Clean – Day 7: the bright spot stays in its place, and does not spread, it is a burning boil;

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If there is any flesh, in the skin of which there is a hot burning, and the quick flesh that burns has a white bright spot, somewhat reddish, or white;

Leprosy – If the hair in the bright spot has turned white, and it is deeper than the skin around it

Leprosy – If there is no white hair in the bright spot, and it is no lower than the other skin, but is somewhat dark; if it has spread much abroad in the skin after seven days,

Clean – If the bright spot stays in its place, and does not spread in the skin, but it is somewhat dark; it is a rising of the burning, It is an inflammation of the burning.

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Leprosy – If a man or woman has a plague on the head or the beard; if it is deeper than the skin; and there is in it a yellow thin hair; it is a dry scall, even a leprosy upon the head or beard.

Clean – If the scall is not deeper than the skin around it, and that there is no black hair in it; then the priest shall shut him up for seven days:

Day 7: if the scall has not spread not, and there be in it no yellow hair, and the scall be not deeper than the skin around it; He shall be shaven, but he shall not shave the scall; the priest shall shut him up seven days more:

Day 14: if the scall has not spread in the skin, nor is it deeper than the skin around it; then he shall wash his clothes and be clean. 

Leprosy – if the scall spread much in the skin on Day 7 or Day 14, there is no need for the priest to seek for yellow hair;

Clean – if the scall is at a stay, and there is black hair grown up in it;

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Clean – If a man or a woman has in the skin of their flesh bright spots, even white bright spots; Then the priest shall look: and if the bright spots in the skin of their flesh are darkish white; it is a freckled spot that grows in the skin; he is clean.

Clean – the man whose hair has fallen off his head, he is bald; yet is he clean.

Clean – he that has his hair fallen off from the part of his head toward his face, he is forehead bald: yet is he clean.

Leprosy – And if there is a white reddish sore in the bald head, or bald forehead

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The leper:

• His clothes shall be rent

• His head bare

• He shall put a covering upon his upper lip

• He shall cry, Unclean, unclean.

• He is defiled and unclean:

• He shall dwell alone;

• His habitation shall be outside the camp.

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This is the law of the plague of leprosy in a garment of wool or linen, either in the warp, or woof, or any thing of skins, to pronounce it clean, or to pronounce it unclean.

If the plague is greenish or reddish in the garment, it is a plague of leprosy, the priest shall look on the plague, and shut it up for seven days:

Day 7: Unclean – if the plague has spread in the garment, the priest shall burn that garment in the fire.

Day 7: If the plague has not spread in the garment, then the priest shall command that they wash the thing in which the plague is, and he shall shut it up seven days more:

Day 14: Unclean – If the plague has not changed its color, even though the plague has not spread; the priest shall burn it in the fire;

Day 14: Unclean – If the plague is somewhat dark after the washing of it; then he shall rend it out of the garment, And if it appears still in the garment, it is a spreading plague: the priest shall burn it with fire.

Day 14: Clean – If the plague has departed from the garment, then it shall be washed the second time, and shall be clean.

Leviticus 12 – A Mother’s Offering 

“Were Joseph and Mary a wealthy couple?” 

The Lord (to Moses): Speak these things to the children of Israel:

If a woman has conceived and gives birth to a male child, she shall be unclean seven days. On the eighth day, the flesh of the child’s foreskin shall be circumcised.

The mother shall continue her purifying for thirty-three days; she shall not touch any hallowed thing, nor come into the sanctuary, until the days of her purifying are fulfilled.

But if she gives birth to a female child, she shall be unclean two weeks, as in her separation: and she shall continue in the blood of her purifying 66 days.

And when the days of her purifying are fulfilled, for a son or for a daughter, she shall bring a lamb of the first year for a burnt offering, and a young pigeon, or a turtledove, for a sin offering, to the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, to the priest. He shall offer it before the Lord, and make an atonement for her; and she shall be cleansed from the issue of her blood.

This is the law for her who has given birth.

If she is not able to bring a lamb, then she shall bring two turtle doves, or two young pigeons; the one for the burnt offering, and the other for a sin offering: and the priest shall make an atonement for her, and she shall be clean.

Mary brought two turtle doves for her offering after the days of her purification were fulfilled. (Luke 2:22-24). She was not able to bring a lamb. From this we know that Mary and Joseph were not wealthy.

Leviticus 11 – Clean and Unclean Animals 

(Summarized)

The Lord (to Moses and Aaron): Speak this to the children of Israel.

These are the beasts which you shall eat among all the beasts that are on the earth, beasts that have a parted hoof and are cloven-footed and chew the cud.

Beasts that are unclean:

Camel – chews the cud, but does not have a divided hoof; he is unclean.

Coney – chews the cud, but does not have a divided hoof; he is unclean.

Hare – chews the cud, but does not have a divided hoof; he is unclean.

Swine/pig – has a divided hoof and is clovenfooted, but does not chew the cud; he is unclean. Do not eat their flesh, or touch their carcase; they are unclean.

Beasts that walk on their paws are unclean.

Of all the animals that are in the waters eat only those that have fins and scales. All that do not have fins and scales shall be an abomination to you. You shall not eat of their flesh.

Of all the fowl which are an abomination, you shall not be eat:

the eagle

the ossifrage

the ospray

the vulture

the kite after his kind

every raven after his kind

the owl

the night hawk

the cuckow

the hawk after his kind

the little owl

the cormorant

the great owl

the swan

the pelican, and

the gier eagle

the stork

the heron after her kind

the lapwing

the bat.

All fowl that creep, going on all four.

You may eat of every flying creeping thing that goes on all four, which have legs above their feet, to leap on the earth:

the locust after his kind

the bald locust after his kind

the beetle after his kind

the grasshopper after his kind

All other flying creeping things, which have four feet, shall be an abomination to you. Whatever goes on the belly, that creeps on the earth, them you shall not eat.

Of all among the creeping things that creep on the earth, these are unclean to you:

the weasel

the mouse

the tortoise after his kind

the ferret

the chameleon

the lizard

the snail

the mole

Anyone who touches the unclean creatures, when they are dead, shall be unclean until the evening. And he who carries the carcase of them shall wash his clothes and be unclean until the evening.

(Vs32-44 states specific instructions pertaining to the carcase touching various items.)

I am the Lord your God, you shall therefore sanctify yourselves; and you shall be holy, for I am holy… I am the Lord that brought you out of the land of Egypt, to be your God.

This is the law of the beasts, and of the fowl, and of every living creature that moves in the waters, and of every creature that creeps on the earth: To make a difference between the unclean and the clean, and between the beast that may be eaten and the beast that may not be eaten.

Leviticus 10 – Aaron’s Sons Sin 

Two of Aaron’s sons, Nadab and Abihu (Exodus 6:22), took their censers, and put fire in them, and put incense on them, and offered strange fire before the Lord, which he commanded them not to do. (Exodus 30:9) 
Fire went out from the Lord and devoured them, and they died before the Lord.

Moses (to Aaron): This is what the Lord said, I will be sanctified in them that come near me, and before all the people I will be glorified.

Aaron held his peace.

Moses called Mishael and Elzaphan (Exodus 6:23), the sons of Uzziel the uncle of Aaron (Exodus 6:18).

Moses (to Mishael and Elzaphan): Come near, carry your Nadab and Abihu from before the sanctuary and out of the camp.

So they went near, and carried them in their holy coats out of the camp; as Moses had said.

Moses (to Aaron, and to Eleazar and Ithamar, Aaron’s other sons): Do not uncover your heads, nor rend your clothes; lest you die, and lest wrath come on all the people: but let the whole house of Israel, bewail the burning which the Lord has kindled. And you shall not go out from the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, lest you die: for the anointing oil of the Lord is on you.

And they did according to the word of Moses.

The Lord spake (to Aaron): Do not drink wine nor strong drink, neither you, nor yours sons, when you go into the tabernacle of the congregation, lest you die. It shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations:

• That you may put difference between holy and unholy, and between unclean and clean

• That you may teach the children of Israel all the statutes which the Lord has spoken to them by the hand of Moses.

Moses (to Aaron and to Eleazar and Ithamar, his sons that were left): Take the meat offering that remains of the offerings of the Lord made by fire, and eat it without leaven beside the altar: for it is most holy: And you shall eat it in the holy place, because it is your due, and your sons’ due, of the sacrifices of the Lord made by fire: for so I am commanded. And you shall eat the wave breast and heave shoulder in a clean place; you, and your sons, and your daughters with you: for they are your due, and your sons’ due, which are given out of the sacrifices of peace offerings of the children of Israel. They shall bring the heave shoulder and the wave breast with the offerings made by fire of the fat, to wave it for a wave offering before the Lord; and it shall be yours, and your sons’ with you, by a statute for ever; as the Lord has commanded.

Moses diligently sought the goat of the sin offering, and, behold, it was burnt: and he was angry with Eleazar and Ithamar, the sons of Aaron which were left alive.

Moses (to Eleazar and Ithamar): Why haven’t you eaten the sin offering in the holy place, seeing it is most holy, and God has given it to you to bear the iniquity of the congregation, to make atonement for them before the Lord? Behold, the blood of it was not brought into the holy place: you should have eaten it in the holy place, as I commanded.

Aaron (to Moses): Behold, this day they have offered their sin offering and their burnt offering before the Lord; and such things have befallen me: and if I had eaten the sin offering today, would it have been accepted in the sight of the Lord?

When Moses heard that, he was content.