Lev14 -Leprosy or Clean (b)

As Jesus passed through a certain village on his way to Jerusalem, ten men that were lepers stood afar off and cried out, Jesus, Master, have mercy on us. When Jesus saw them, he said to them, Go show yourselves to the priests. And as they went, they were cleansed. One of them, when he saw that he was healed, turned back, and with a loud voice glorified God, and fell down on his face at Jesus’ feet, giving him thanks. (Luke 17:12-19)

Why did Jesus tell these men to go show themselves to the priests?


We find the answer in Leviticus 14

Leprosy or Clean

(Summarized)

This is the law for all manner of plague of leprosy, and for the leprosy of a house: To teach when it is unclean, and when it is clean: this is the law of leprosy.

The Lord (to Moses):

This shall be the law of the leper in the day of his cleansing:

He shall be brought to the priest.

The priest shall look, and if the plague of leprosy is healed in the leper, then the priest shall command to take for him that is to be cleansed two birds alive and clean, and cedar wood, and scarlet, and hyssop:

The priest shall:

• command that one of the birds be killed in an earthen vessel over running water:

• take the living bird, and the cedar wood, and the scarlet, and the hyssop, and shall dip them in the blood of the bird that was killed over the running water:

• sprinkle on him that is to be cleansed from the leprosy seven times

• pronounce him clean

• let the living bird loose into the open field

He that is to be cleansed shall:

• wash his clothes

• shave off all his hair

• wash himself in water

• come into the camp and stay outside of his tent seven days.

on the seventh day: shave all his hair off his head and his beard and his eyebrows, even all his hair he shall shave off: and he shall wash his clothes, also he shall wash his flesh in water, and he shall be clean. 

On the eighth day:  
He shall take two male lambs without blemish, and one ewe lamb of the first year without blemish, and three tenth deals of fine flour for a meat offering, mingled with oil, and one log of oil.

And the priest shall present the man that is to be made clean, and those things, before the Lord, at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation:

Blood and Oil

One he lamb is offered for a trespass offering. The priest shall slay the lamb in the holy place: for the trespass offering is the priest’s: it is most holy:

The log of oil is for a wave offering before the Lord.

And the priest shall take some of the blood of the trespass offering and shall put it on him that is to be cleansed

• on the tip of the right ear

• on the thumb of his right hand

• on the great toe of his right foot

And the priest shall take some of the log of oil, and pour it into the palm of his own left hand: And the priest shall dip his right finger in the oil that is in his left hand, and shall sprinkle of the oil with his finger seven times before the Lord. And of the rest of the oil that is in his hand, the priest shall put:

• on the tip of the right ear of him that is to be cleansed

• on the thumb of his right hand

• on the great toe of his right foot

• on the blood of the trespass of

• the remnant of the oil that is in his hand on the head of him that is to be cleansed

The priest shall make an atonement for him before the Lord.

And the priest shall offer the sin offering and afterward he shall kill the burnt offering:

And the priest shall offer the burnt offering and the meat offering on the altar:

And the priest shall make an atonement for him.

And he shall be clean.

This is the law of him in whom is the plague of leprosy, who is not able to get that which pertains to his cleansing.

(And if he is poor, and cannot get so much)
On the eighth day, he shall bring for his cleansing to the priest, to the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, before the Lord.

• one lamb for a trespass offering to be waved, to make an atonement for him,

• one tenth deal of fine flour mingled with oil for a meat offering, and a log of oil;

• two turtledoves, or two young pigeons, and the one shall be a sin offering, and the other a burnt offering.

And the priest shall

• take the lamb of the trespass offering, and the log of oil, and wave them for a wave offering before the Lord:

• kill the lamb of the trespass offering,

• take some of the blood of the trespass offering, and put it on the tip of the right ear of him that is to be cleansed, and on the thumb of his right hand, and on the great toe of his right foot:

• pour of the oil into the palm of his own left hand: And the priest shall sprinkle with his right finger some of the oil that is in his left hand seven times before the Lord:

• put of the oil that is in his hand on the tip of the right ear of him that is to be cleansed, and on the thumb of his right hand, and on the great toe of his right foot, on the place of the blood of the trespass offering:

• put the rest of the oil that is in his hand on the head of him that is to be cleansed, to make an atonement for him before the Lord.

• offer the one of the turtledoves, or of the young pigeons, the one for a sin offering, and the other for a burnt offering, with the meat offering:

• make an atonement for him that is to be cleansed before the Lord.

Leprosy in a House

The Lord (to Moses and Aaron):

When you come into the land of Canaan, which I give to you for a possession, and I put the plague of leprosy in a house of the land of your possession; And he that owns the house shall come and tell the priest, saying, It seems to me there is as it were a plague in the house:

Then the priest shall:

• command that they empty the house, before he goes into it to see the plague, that all that is in the house be not made unclean:

• afterward go in to see the house:

• look on the plague, and, if the plague is in the walls of the house with hollow streaks, greenish or reddish, which in sight are lower than the wall;

• go out of the house to the door of the house

• shut up the house seven days:

On day seven, the priest shall:

• come again, and shall look to see if the plague has spread in the walls of the house;

• command that they take away the stones in which the plague is, and they shall cast them into an unclean place without the city:

• shall cause the house to be scraped within round about, and they shall pour out the dust that they scrape off outside the city into an unclean place: And they shall take other stones, and put them in the place of those stones; and he shall take other mortar, and shall plaster the house.

Unclean: And if the plague come again, and break out in the house, after that he has taken away the stones, and after he has scraped the house, and after it is plastered. Then the priest shall come and look, and, if the plague has spread in the house, it is a fretting leprosy in the house: it is unclean.

And he shall break down the house, the stones of it, and the timber of it, and all the mortar of the house; and he shall carry them forth out of the city into an unclean place.

Also, he that goes into the house all the while that it is shut up shall be unclean until the evening. And he that lies in the house shall wash his clothes; and he that eats in the house shall wash his clothes.

Clean: And if the priest shall come in, and look on it, and the plague has not spread in the house, after the house was plastered: 

Then the priest shall:

• pronounce the house clean, because the plague is healed.

• take to cleanse the house two birds, and cedar wood, and scarlet, and hyssop:

• kill the one of the birds in an earthen vessel over running water:

• take the cedar wood, and the hyssop, and the scarlet, and the living bird, and dip them in the blood of the slain bird, and in the running water, and sprinkle the house seven times:

• cleanse the house with the blood of the bird, and with the running water, and with the living bird, and with the cedar wood, and with the hyssop, and with the scarlet:

• let go the living bird out of the city into the open fields, and make an atonement for the house: and it shall be clean.

This is the law for all manner of plague of leprosy, and scall, and for the leprosy of a garment, and of a house, and for a rising, and for a scab, and for a bright spot: To teach when it is unclean, and when it is clean: this is the law of leprosy.
(Leviticus 13-14)